What is the QCPR Compression reflector?

The white reflector placed inside the back section torso is part of the Sensor’s measurement system, used for Little Anne and Little Junior QCPR.
Without this, the QCPR App will not register compressions.

Learn more about the measurement system – How does Little Anne and Little Junior QCPR work?

What is the difference between the foam reflector and the plastic reflector?
Originally, Little Anne QCPR was introduced with a reflector made by foam.
When we later introduced Little Junior QCPR, we developed a new reflector made by plastic. 
Both versions serves the same purpose.

All Little Junior QCPR manikins are manufactured with a reflector made by plastic.

The plastic reflector was introduced for Little Anne QCPR on the 24-06-2019. Manikins currenlty using the foam reflector, can also use the plastic reflector.

URL Name

How to install Little Anne QCPR Upgrade Kit?

There are currently two versions of the Little Anne QCPR Upgrade Kit available, one version with a “Compression reflector” part made of Foam and a version with a reflector part which is moulded (hard plastic).

This first video shows the “Foam” part version:

Foam Version

This video shows the “Plastic” version:

Plastic Version

What is Little Anne and Little Junior QCPR Upgrade kit?

Little Anne and Little Junior – QCPR upgrade kits
Upgrade your old Little Anne and Little Junior to function with the QCPR App feedback system.

How does Little Anne and Little Junior QCPR work? 

Upgrade Little Anne

All existing Little Anne manikins, manufactured after 08. February 1999, can be upgraded to Little Anne QCPR.

See bellow to identify if the manikin is too old to be upgraded.

How to install Little Anne QCPR Upgrade Kit?

Item 123-60750 – Little Anne QCPR Upgrade kit

  • Modified Rib Plate with QCPR Sensor
  • Clicker Activator on the Rib plate
  • Ventilation Sticker Guide
  • Ventilation Sticker
  • Reflector for compression
  • Jaw assembly (with flexible valve holder)
  • 2 x AA Battery
  • QCPR Label for manikin
  • QCPR Label for bag

Kits manufactured after 14. February 2020, has a compression reflector made of plastic. It was originally made of foam.

NB: If the manikin’s Chest skin is old and worn out, it is recommended also to purchase a new skin.
Item 123-50650 – QCPR Chest skin, Light
Item 123-50750 – QCPR Chest skin, Dark

Upgrade Little Junior
All existing Little Junior manikins can be upgraded to Little Junior QCPR.

Item 128-60750 – Little Junior QCPR Upgrade kit

  • Modified Rib Plate with QCPR Sensor
  • Clicker Activator on the Rib plate
  • Ventilation Sticker Guide
  • Ventilation Sticker
  • Reflector for compression
  • Compression spring
  • 2 x AA Battery
  • QCPR Label for manikin
  • QCPR Label for bag

NB: If the manikin’s Chest skin is old and worn out, it is recommended also to purchase a new skin.
Item 128-50650 – QCPR Chest skin, Light
Item 128-50750 – QCPR Chest skin, Dark

Is your Little Anne manikin too old to be upgraded ?
Manikins manufactured before 1999-02-08, cannot be upgraded.

– Chest skin: The old design has higher chest than current skin. The higher amount of empty space between Chest skin and Chest plate, obstructs the registration of ventilations.
– Back section: The old design has both attachment pegs for skin placed at the lower position and it cannot support a QCPR Chest skin that requires the left side peg at higher position & right side peg at lower position.

Identified by looking at the Chest skin flap and the placement of the hole:

LEFT SIDE: Can be upgraded
RIGHT SIDE: Too old, cannot be upgraded


The very first generation of Little Anne manikins cannot be upgraded:
– The Rib plate is welded together with the Back section, and cannot be replaced with the QCPR Rib plate.
– To verify if the manikin can be upgraded – remove the Chest skin and compare with the picture.

How does Little Anne and Little Junior QCPR work?

Little Anne and Little Junior QCPR includes a hardware module with a QCPR Sensor to measure compressions and ventilations.

The QCPR Sensor is an integrated electronic device that registers compressions and ventilations, mounted under the Rib plate. It communicates QCPR feedback wirelessly to external devices via Bluetooth, or wired via the SkillGuide (I2C).

The manikin connects to the QCPR Apps via Bluetooth and to SkillGuide via a 2,5mm audio jack connector.

Illustrations for Little Anne QCPR

Measurement system
Compressions are measured by an infrared proximity sensor which measures the distance from the chest plate to the back section. The sensor sends infrared light to the reflector and analyzes the distance based on the intensity of the light returning from the reflector. Ventilations are measured by an inductive sensor which measures how much the chest is rising when the manikin is ventilated. The manikin’s lungs expand and presses the chest plate downwards and the chest upwards. The sensor measures the change in induction and translates that into feedback on chest rise.

Inductive sensor (ventilations)
An inductive coil PCB is mounted close to the inside of the Rib plate. A sheet metal disc is glued to the inside of the Chest skin.
When the lung is expanded the Chest skin and the sheet metal will be lifted from the Rib plate causing a change in the electromagnetic field that is picked up by an inductive sensor through the coil PCB.

IR sensor (compressions)
A sensor on the back of the Rib plate emitting Infrared light to a reflective surface in the Back section. The intensity of the reflected light is used to determine the distance from the sensor to the reflective Surface.

Ventilation measurement
Ventilating the manikin will give a rise of the chest skin relative to the Rib plate and also a compression of the rib plate towards the Back section. Due to this the ventilations are measured using both sensors. The lung expansion in combination with the compression of the chest is used to calculate an approximate value in ml for inflated lung volume.

Compression measurement
Compressing the chest will give a decrease in distance between Rib plate and Back section that is measured by the IR distance sensor and used to calculate the value for the compression in mm

The QCPR Sensor does not have an ON/OFF button. It is either in “standby” mode or “ON”.

ON ConditionQCPR Sensor automatically wakes up from standby mode when user compresses the chest (deeper than 20 mm for a duration of > 250 millisecond)
OFF ConditionConnected to external device via BLE
QCPR Sensor automatically goes into standby mode after being inactive for 30 minutes Not connected to external device via BLE
1) If no compressions are performed, QCPR Sensor automatically goes into standby after 5 minutes.2) If more than 30 compressions are performed, QCPR Sensor enters summative feedback mode after 30 seconds of compression inactivity. After 45 seconds in summative feedback mode, QCPR sensor goes into standby mode.
Standby Mode

Power status

STANDBYAll systems are shutdown except for the IR sensor that will check for movement of chest every 125 ms.
    ONSystem is on and connectable. System operations will be as described in section “CPR Session” below.

When entering the ON state, QCPR sensor shall perform a selftest to verify that the compression and ventilation sensors are functional. Passing the selftest will be notified by an audible beep. If selftest is not passed the sensor will shut down.


Sound – One beepUnit is ONUnit has woken up from standby mode
Blue LED – BlinkingReady to connectUnit is available and ready to establish a bluetooth (BLE) connection
Blue LED – Steady onConnectedUnit has established a BLE connection with a mobile Device
LED Status

Tips for spotting misinformation online

Tips for spotting misinformation online Last Friday marked International Fact-Checking Day — falling perhaps aptly on April 2, following the onslaught of misinformation that comes with April Fools’ Day.

In recognition of the day, Alexios Mantzarlis from the Google News Lab (and formerly of the International Fact-Checking Network, IFCN) offered up some handy tips and tricks for spotting online misinformation.

According to Mantzarlis, finding out more about the source of a piece of information can help with verification. He suggests searching for an alternative source by explicitly excluding the original web pages in order to get an unbiased opinion. 

“The [search] query would look something like this: ‘about youtube -site:youtube.com’,” he explains.

His next tip is to check whether images are being used in context by performing a reverse image search: “This will look for the picture to check if it has appeared online before, and in what context, so you can see if it has been altered from its original meaning.”

Mantzarlis further suggests looking for news coverage to see how different news outlets have reported on a topic or event, or using Google’s Fact Check Explorer to see what reputable fact checkers have had to say.
Article supplied by RMIT ABC Fact Check newsletter.

A brilliant weekly newsletter which is supported by funding from the Judith Neilson Institute for Journalism and Ideas and the International Fact-Checking Network.

First Aid Training is still operating.

West Coast First Aid Training have continued to provide training and re-qualification services throughout this uncertain period and we continue to do so.

We have had to make some changes to the way we deliver our face to face first aid training to accommodate the required public health guidelines on social distancing.
The changes we have made include, but are not limited to:

(1) We have reduced, as much as possible, the time spent in the classroom.

(2) Were possible we conduct training outside.

(3) All the required theory assessments are included in our online training, to be completed prior to attending your practical face to face assessment.

(4) We screen all students prior to attending class with non contact infrared digital thermometers. Should a student return a forehead temperature of 37.5 deg C or higher, or, should your response be yes to any of the below questions, you will not be admitted to the class and will need to reschedule your training.

The trainer will ask you the following questions on the day of training:

* Are you unwell with cold/flu-like symptoms or a high temperature? * Have you returned from any overseas travel?
* Have you had contact with a proven COVID-19 case? This includes contact with a person undergoing COVID-19 testing
All resources used during your training will be thoroughly cleaned/disinfected before, during and after each session in line with manufacturer and clinical guidelines.

Each student with be issued with their own resources and PPE necessary to complete all assessments.
The number of students per class has been reduced inline with available space to ensure that all participants have a minimum of four square meters to maintain physical distancing requirements.

If you have qualifications that need updating or staff that need to be trained just Click here or call 0418909935

Automatic External Defibrillator AED Quiz

You need to be registered and logged in to take this quiz. Log in

This is a fun and free general knowledge quiz on the operations of an automated external defibrillators.

Would you know how to use one if you needed to?

Do you need to a basic/general course on CPR & Defibrillators?

Contact us

Box Jellyfish

December 7, 2019 Uncategorized

A great article from National Geographic:

About Box Jellyfish

The infamous box jellyfish developed its frighteningly powerful venom to instantly stun or kill prey, like fish and shrimp, so their struggle to escape wouldn’t damage its delicate tentacles.


Their venom is considered to be among the most deadly in the world, containing toxins that attack the heart, nervous system, and skin cells. It is so overpoweringly painful, human victims have been known to go into shock and drown or die of heart failure before even reaching shore. Survivors can experience considerable pain for weeks and often have significant scarring where the tentacles made contact.

Range and Appearance

Box jellies, also called sea wasps and marine stingers, live primarily in coastal waters off Northern Australia and throughout the Indo-Pacific. They are pale blue and transparent in color and get their name from the cube-like shape of their bell.


Up to 15 tentacles grow from each corner of the bell and can reach 10 feet in length. Each tentacle has about 5,000 stinging cells, which are triggered not by touch but by the presence of a chemical on the outer layer of its prey.

Highly-Advanced Adaptations

Box jellies are highly advanced among jellyfish. They have developed the ability to move rather than just drift, jetting at up to four knots through the water. They also have eyes grouped in clusters of six on the four sides of their bell. Each cluster includes a pair of eyes with a sophisticated lens, retina, iris and cornea, although without a central nervous system, scientists aren’t sure how they process what they see.

Client feedback

Everyone loves to read the feedback people receive just to be sure you are dealing with a person & business that can deliver the goods for your next training or PD sessions. So here are few from our latest professional development session (PD) covering Provide CPR and Provide First Aid for high school teachers.


Hi Kevin

Thanks mate – was a great little PD. Thanks for running it, I have picked up some good context from your presentation to add to my own with the kids.

I’ll let my boss know about the upgrade costing and let you know if we will go ahead



Hi Kevin.

Thank you for getting in touch with this information. The PD was really engaging and given the current circumstances that we find ourselves in I feel that you did a top job on both the theory and practical delivery of the course. Thanks!

Hope to attend another one of your courses one day.

Cheers, Rick.

Thanks Kevin,

The course was great and entertaining!

Thank you, Dean

Hi Kev

I was at your course on Friday. in 25 years of nursing it was one of the best I have i have attended thanks

Ray Oliver

I had another teacher, Rick also comment on the program and how he was impressed by your knowledge and presentation.

Thanks again.

Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Information for Clients

West Coast First Aid Training (WCFAT) takes the Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and the spreading of it very seriously. As a result we are now providing all students, on all first aid courses with their own individual resuscitation mask & first aid kit (to keep) included in the price of the course.

CPR Mask
Your own FREE face mask & first aid kit to keep when you complete a first aid course

Your own individual lung set will be supplied (to be disposed of at completion of training by you instructor). An individual manikin face will be provided per student but do need to be returned these for disinfecting and reuse. If you would like your own brand new face to keep we can provide one for $25.

Your own face to keep if you wish (add $25 AUD)

All manikins are thoroughly disinfected with alcohol and bleach prior to and during every class. Alcohol wipes and disinfection solution are available at all times during the course.

Brand new lungs for only your personal use

How can I help prevent the spread of 2019-nCoV?

• teach and encourage your children/family to wash their hands often with soap and water before and after eating as well as after attending the toilet;
• avoid contact with others by keeping children home if they are unwell;
• teaching children to cough and sneeze into their elbow; and
• while it’s not possible to avoid touching, kissing, and hugging children, parents and guardians should do their best to follow these steps too.

Where can I get more information?

Visit the Australian Government Department of Health homepage at www.health.gov.au

Call the Public Health Information Line on 1800 004 599.

Contact your state or territory public health agency:
• ACT call 02 5124 9213 during business hours or (02) 9962 4155 after hours • NSW call 1300 066 055
• NT call 08 8922 8044
• Qld call 13HEALTH (13 43 25 84)
• SA call 1300 232 272
• Tas call 1800 671 738
• Vic call 1300 651 160
• WA visit https://www.healthywa.wa.gov.au/ or call your local public health unit