What You Need to Know About CPR Renewal

If you are looking for comprehensive first-aid training for your workplace, look no further than West Coast First Aid. First responders that provide CPR HLTAID001 and HLTAID009 training.

Did you know that you need to keep your CPR certification up to date and renewed regularly? Yes, you read that correctly. 

It’s probably time to renew at least the CPR part of your licence if it’s been more than a year since you finished first aid or CPR training. 

What is a CPR technique?

CPR is a lifelong skill, crucial to reauthorise and upgrade your first-aid training certification to remain up-to-date with effective life-saving techniques. As per the First Aid Code of Practice, the Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) initiated the effort to keep CPR performance principles and requirements as up-to-date as possible. Every 12 months, you must renew the CPR part, and the full certificate should get renewed every three years.

The Provide Cardiopulmonary Defibrillation (HLTAID001) course encompasses all areas of basic resuscitation. It equips you with the theoretical and practical knowledge and skills necessary to respond appropriately to respiration and cardiac incidents.

CPR techniques are constantly changing

Many people complain that CPR is constantly changing, and they have to come in and pay for additional classes regularly. Still, the ARC is headstrong about having the CPR skills up to date as the concepts of CPR are still evolving. However, what worked in the past may no longer work in the future.

CPR as a workplace requirement

Some Australian workplaces now require employees to know how to perform CPR. Company first-aiders should recertify their CPR skills. According to the First Aid in the Worksite Code of Practice, the regeneration of the lesson will revive the memory of the various aspects of CPR.

Being up to date on appropriate certification will increase your value in the workplace. In fact, most employers require CPR credentials as part of their employment eligibility requirements.

Final words 

CPR is undeniably effective in saving lives. Every year, CPR saves nearly 100,000 lives of people who have suffered a sudden cardiac death. Hence, it’s crucial to keep your CPR skills up to date. You never know when you’ll be witness to a life-threatening situation that necessitates immediate defibrillation. 

If you are looking for comprehensive first-aid training for your workplace, look no further than West Coast First Aid. In fact, it is one of Australia’s premier first responders that provide CPR HLTAID001 and HLTAID009 training, thereby helping you and your staff manage casualties and incidents until the expert first aiders arrive. So, what are you waiting for? Get in touch with West Coast First Aid now. 

What is included in a 3 hours CPR Certificate Course?

According to the American Heart Association, nearly 3,50,000 cardiac arrests occur outside of the hospital, and approximately 4,75,000 people have lost their lives from a cardiac arrest. 

When the cases occur outside of the hospital, and immediate help is needed, a person with CPR training can save lives. People in different professions like police officers, firefighters, swimming coaches, and trainers take CPR and first aid training courses. Many people voluntarily take these classes to understand what happens during a cardiac arrest and how they can help in the time of a medical emergency. 

What can you expect in a CPR class? 

A CPR training course can sound intimidating at first. People may wonder how much expertise does it require? How much time does training take? What are the things that they will learn? But it is not that complex. The training course for CPR mostly lasts for just 3 hours! 

Not everyone who signs up for a CPR training session receives the same training. The intensity of lessons depends on the individual’s requirements. Based on professionalism, these courses can be divided into three levels which are 

Adult CPR classes

These are the courses taught to get one ready for a critical situation at workplaces, homes, and other educational institutions. The skills taught here are of the very basic level and take about one to one and half hours to complete a course. Adults, teens, and adolescents are the people who opt for this. 

Pediatric CPR classes

As the name states, these classes are for people who work closely with or provide care to children under 8. Along with the CPR skills and techniques, much other necessary information about childcare is taught to people who teach or volunteer at schools, playgrounds, and daycare. 

Basic life support for healthcare providers 

These are the most professional training classes of the three required for professional rescuers. People who sign up for these classes learn to use AED, ventilation devices, two-person CPR methods, and rescue breathing techniques and their barriers. 

Not only this, but you can also choose from the online or offline mode of classes, whichever suits you, depending on the time and convenience. 

What happens in a CPR class?

Since the classes are mostly 3 hours long, it takes only a day or, in some cases, two days to complete the training course. 


The classes begin with lectures that talk about the basics of first aid training, which include treating injuries, assessing and handling the patient’s mental state, addressing environmental factors, and taking care of respiratory and cardiac emergencies. 

Besides first aid training,cardiopulmonary resuscitation training is given to the volunteers, including heart conditions. Some of the basic lessons are identifying the signs of heart attack, cardiac arrest, and stroke. 

Hands-on training

Once the theory part is completed, the coach moves on to hands-on training, which covers learning and applying techniques on dummies and role-playing. The practical aspects include:

Cleaning and dressing wounds

Using CPR and AED devices

Hands-only CPR

Performing abdominal thrusts

These activities are performed in both ways, individually and as a team. 


When the course is completed, the trainees get a certificate for the first aid training course but not before appearing for a test that includes written and practical assessments. If you fail in any of your lessons, the instructor asks you to review the same and give the test again, after which you’ll get a certificate. 

CPR training does not take much time and equips you with everything you need to save someone’s life. But before you decide to sign up for a course, think about your objectives, how much time you can give, where you can use the learned skills, and then decide on a course that suits you best. 

How to Perform CPR on a Drowning Victim

With all these instructions, we hope you’re now ready to provide CPR with HLTAID009 or HLTAID001. You should practice it as much as possible to be ready if the need arises. 

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a very effective technique that can save lives in an emergency. Although CPR is fairly easy, knowing the proper way to perform it will help you control panic. Understand and follow these simple steps inperforming CPReffectively and make any water body a safe place for everyone. 

Performing CPR serves two purposes: The compressions keep the brain cells from dying and help the heart send the oxygenated blood throughout the body. By performing CPR, you’re essentially doing the heart’s work of regulating a normal blood flow.

It takes time for it to be effective, and hence you should not stop even for a second while performing CPR

The first thing you need to do is to ask for additional help- ask the people around you for help, call an ambulance or make someone call the hospital if necessary. Keep someone with you for any additional help. In such critical conditions you should not hesitate to reach out to others. After all, it is a matter of life and death.

After rescuing them from drowning, the first thing you should do is to carefully lay them on a plane surface to ensure no additional injury to them while you provide CPR. Assess the situation and call or make someone call for help. 

Before giving CPR, tap on their shoulder a few times and ask them, “Are you ok?”. Shake them well and see if they’re conscious. It may save some time in case the condition is not severe. 

Check the victim’s breathing with their pulse to detect any blockage in the airway with the circulation.

Ease their airway by pressing the head area down and raising the chin up. It will help ensure a steady and continuous airflow.

You should administer the rescue breaths and start chest compressions rhythmically. Thirty chest compressions after two rescue breaths are considered as a standard. To administer the breaths, start with tilting their head towards the back, raising the chin and pinching the nose so that the air doesn’t escape through it. Administer two breaths via the mouth, place your mouth over the victim’s to make a seal and start blowing air in a way that elevates their chest up.

After finishing the breath transfer, quickly start chest compressions. It would be best to do chest compressions in sets of 30 at a time and at a rate of 100-120 per minute. Push 5-6 centimetres or 1-2 inches at a time. Pushing down at least an inch allows the heart to squeeze and pump the blood in and out. Pushing deep will ensure blood flow throughout the body and brain. Also, let the chest completely rise between the subsequent pushes. Keep a two breath administration difference between two sets. Ideally, you should keep a 10-second difference between chest compressions and breath transfer.

To perform chest compressions, place your one hand flat in the middle part of the victim’s chest and put your second hand on top of that. And start pressing at a speed at which the difference between two consecutive compressions is less than one second. Check-in between to see if they started to breathe. 

You may see some vomit coming from the victim’s mouth after some time. It is completely normal, and you should tilt their head sideways to ease out these food particles. And in case you feel something is stuck in their mouth, you should remove that from their mouth with your fingers and start the process over again. Continue the cycle unless the person starts breathing or until the arrival of emergency help.

If you have any spare clothing, cover them with it, and if they show signs of consciousness and start breathing, talk to them and ensure that medical help is on its way. 

With all these instructions, we hope you’re now ready to provide CPR with HLTAID009 or HLTAID001. You should practice it as much as possible to be ready if the need arises. 

How To Perform Adult CPR And Use an AED

With the increasing risk of heart diseases and respiratory illnesses in adults, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and awareness about automated external defibrillators (AED) have become crucial life-saving skills that every individual should be trained in.

Identify and seek emergency help

A person’s health can unceasingly worsen up when their heart stops beating. With those few minutes being extremely crucial, one should first contact the ambulance or emergency services as waiting for too long could lead to brain damage or even death. If alone, one must prioritize emergency help and then check if the person is:

  1. Unconscious and not breathing
  2. Having difficulty in breathing
  3. Suffering from a cardiac arrest (the person is unexpectedly snoring, grunting, or gasping breathing)
  4. Showing symptoms of drug overdose

If the above problems are identified, an AED should be made available first. CPR must be executed until the AED arrives. Before performing the CPR, the things mentioned below should be kept in mind. 

  1. Talk to the person to check if they are okay; if they do not respond, place your ear on their nose and mouth to hear and confirm their breathing pattern (difficulty in breathing, no breathing, gasping for air) before executing CPR.
  2. The person must be placed on their back on the ground or on any hard surface. 
  3. Gently tilt their head backward and open their chin. 
  4. Air inlets/outlets such as nose, throat, and mouth should be open; if any blockage of vomit, food, or object is present, clear it.

CPR should consist of chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth breaths. The frequency of chest compressions should be 100 per minute, and after every 30 chest compressions, give mouth-to-mouth twice. If mouth-to-mouth breaths can’t be performed, then frequency should be 120 per minute.

Steps to perform CPR on an adult

  1. Place the palm of your hand on top of the other hand, interlock the fingers with the top hand.
  2. Align your arm straight and place it on the lower middle of the chest, slightly below their nipples.
  3. With the heel of your hand, apply pressure about 2 inches deep with your body weight. Do not apply pressure with muscles entirely, as this could be exhausting.
  4. Release the pressure, and count this as one compression. 
  5. After 30 compressions, shut/close their nostril to blow two full breaths while sealing your mouth to their mouth and make sure there is no leakage of air. That results in the rising and falling of their chest, which is necessary. If that does not inflate their chest, repeat the 30 chest compressions.
  6. Continue repeatedly until the person starts breathing normally and move their body sideways (resting on either side). If they aren’t responding, continue the same until emergency help or an AED arrives.

CPR is executed to keep the oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs. A delay in starting CPR can cause severe brain damage and even death. An AED can keep the flow running by sending electric shocks targeting the heart to restore the normal rhythm.

Steps to use an AED

  1. Open the case and turn on AED.
  2. Uncover the person’s chest, dry it thoroughly.
  3. Peel off AED pads and ensure the wires are connected to the box.
  4. Apply one pad to the upper right chest and the other to the lower left chest below the armpit.
  5. Follow the instruction given by the AED; if it says “Check Electrodes,” then adjust the pad.
  6. If it says “Shock,” then press and hold that shock button until the AED delivers the shock while ensuring no one touches the person.
  7. Start the CPR for 2 minutes, starting with chest compressions.
  8. Repeat steps 1 to 7.

Conclusion :

The survival rate of a victim surviving after a CPR is about 40-50% when administered by a bystander; those rates can be increased when given by a trained individual. Effective training can make you a lifesaver. West Coast First Aid training provides a comprehensive course that can help you not feel helpless in grave situations.

First Aid Training Guide: How to Perform CPR on a Drowning Victim

What is CPR?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a crucial life-saving technique used on drowning victims, cardiac arrest, and many other emergencies. CPR is only performed when there is a sign of no heartbeat or when the breathing stops. In those types of situations, CPR could be performed by any trained individual, and if there isn’t one, then anyone present on the scene can perform chest CPR, which is 100-120 chest compressions in a minute without stopping. CPR is a crucial life skill, and it’s pretty easy to learn. One can join courses online such as CPR HLTAID001/HLTAID009, HLTAID003/11, etc.

First Aid Training Courses 


This particular course is designed to achieve the knowledge and skills required to perform CPR on an infant or a little one. The course will provide all the necessary information on how to perform CPR on an infant in case of cardiac arrest or drowning. The course HLTAID009 is a revised and updated version of HLTAID001 under the supervision of the Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC).

What is included?

Expert training in CPR, necessary physical resources such as manikins, and certificate of completion. 

Course duration and fees

One hour of theoretical learning and online training with 2 hours of practical training and expertise. The course fee is 60$.

Delivery mode

Available in two modes –

  • Online training 
  • Offline training (In-class workshops)

Course structure

  1. How to respond in any state of emergency.
  2. Assessment of situation
  3. Principal and legalities of CPR 
  4. DRSABCD procedure


  1. Nationally Recognized VET qualification
  2. The ability to perform CPR and save lives  

HLTAID003/11: Provide First Aid

This course is specially designed to acquire knowledge and skills to conduct CPR (Artificial respiration) for people of different age groups such as adults, children, and infants in different situations, whether outdoor or workplace. The main objective of this course is to teach alternative methods to perform CPR in all kinds of situations. It focuses on saving a drowning person and successfully performing CPR on them.

HLTAID003/11 is the most appropriate for people with professional backgrounds in healthcare, fitness, teaching, and many others. This particular course requires prerequisite learning of these fundamental courses:- CPR HLTAID001/HLTAID009 (Provide CPR), CPR HLTAID003/11 (Provide first aid), and CPR HLTAID002/10 (Provide fundamental emergency life support).

  1. Course structure
  2. DRSABCD procedure
  3. Theoretical and practical demonstration
  4. Practice in simulated first aid scenario 
  5. Assessment of situation
  6. Principal and legalities of CPR 
  7. Drowning
  8. Cardiac emergencies
  9. Dressing and bandages
  10. All types of body injuries 
  11. Dislocation
  12. Fracture
  13. Treatment 
  14. Poisoning 
  15. Choking
  16. Reporting of incident

Course Duration 

HLTAID003/11 consists of both online and in-class modes of learning, including theoretical and practical sessions. The online session is scheduled to run for 3-4 hours, and meanwhile, the practical session will take one day of training.

Course fee: 109$


  1. Provide their Unique Student Identification Number (USI) to avail for the course. 
  2. Must be able to perform CPR continuously for at least 2 minutes.
  3. They must be capable of reading, interpreting instructions, and applying them accordingly with failure.   

Perks of learning this course

  1. Techniques to perform CPR
  2. Identify and respond to an emergency
  3. Provide First Aid to needed
  4. Certificate of completion

Everyone should learn the crucial skill of CPR; it is a must known skill that could be helpful anytime to save lives in several situations.

ResQCPR System

What is the ResQCPR System?

The ResQCPR® System is a CPR adjunct that consists of two synergistic devices—the ResQPOD® ITD 16 (impedance threshold device) and the ResQPUMP® ACD-CPR device. Together, they increase the likelihood of survival. A major clinical study of more than 1600 patients showed a 49% increase in one-year survival from cardiac arrest.

The ResQPOD ITD 16 returns more blood to the heart (preload) and lowers intracranial pressure by regulating airflow during CPR to increase the vacuum in a patient’s chest during chest wall recoil.1,2

The ResQPUMP ACD-CPR device further increases blood return by re-expanding the chest with a lift force of up to 10 kg. It is the only approved system for delivering true active compression-decompression CPR.

*ResQCPR System Summary of Safety and Effectiveness Data submitted to FDA.
1Metzger, A, et al. Crit Care Med. 2012; 40(6):1851-1856.
2Voelckel W, et al. Pediatr Res. 2002;51:523-527.

Want to know more about these life saving devices?
You should if you want to give your next CPR every chance of being successful. Attend one of our classes listed below to learn and get your hands on these brilliant little units!

HLTAID003/011 Provide First Aid


The ResQPOD® impedance threshold device (ITD) is a simple, non-invasive device that delivers intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) therapy during basic or advanced life support CPR to improve perfusion

Zoll Medical's ResQPOD ITD
Zoll Medical ResQPOD ITU

The ResQPOD® impedance threshold device (ITD) is a simple, non-invasive device that delivers intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) therapy during basic or advanced life support CPR to improve perfusion. The ResQPOD ITD lowers intrathoracic pressure during the recoil phase of CPR by selectively restricting unnecessary airflow into the chest. This vacuum increases preload, lowers intracranial pressure (ICP), and improves blood flow to the brain and vital organs.

Improved Outcomes

Studies have shown that when combined with high-quality CPR, the ResQPOD ITD:

•Doubles blood flow to the heart1
•Increases blood flow to the brain by 50%2
•Increases survival from cardiac arrest by 25% or more3 • •

1Langhelle A, et al. Resuscitation. 2002;52:39-48.
2Lurie KG, et al. Chest. 1998;113(4):1084-1090.
3Yannopoulos D, et al. Resuscitation. 2015;94:106-113.

Want to know more about these life saving devices?
You should if you want to give your next CPR every chance of being successful. Attend one of our classes listed below to learn and get your hands on these brilliant little units!

HLTAID003/011 Provide First Aid

First Aid Training is still operating.

West Coast First Aid Training have continued to provide training and re-qualification services throughout this uncertain period and we continue to do so.

We have had to make some changes to the way we deliver our face to face first aid training to accommodate the required public health guidelines on social distancing.
The changes we have made include, but are not limited to:

(1) We have reduced, as much as possible, the time spent in the classroom.

(2) Were possible we conduct training outside.

(3) All the required theory assessments are included in our online training, to be completed prior to attending your practical face to face assessment.

(4) We screen all students prior to attending class with non contact infrared digital thermometers. Should a student return a forehead temperature of 37.5 deg C or higher, or, should your response be yes to any of the below questions, you will not be admitted to the class and will need to reschedule your training.

The trainer will ask you the following questions on the day of training:

* Are you unwell with cold/flu-like symptoms or a high temperature? * Have you returned from any overseas travel?
* Have you had contact with a proven COVID-19 case? This includes contact with a person undergoing COVID-19 testing
All resources used during your training will be thoroughly cleaned/disinfected before, during and after each session in line with manufacturer and clinical guidelines.

Each student with be issued with their own resources and PPE necessary to complete all assessments.
The number of students per class has been reduced inline with available space to ensure that all participants have a minimum of four square meters to maintain physical distancing requirements.

If you have qualifications that need updating or staff that need to be trained just Click here or call 0418909935

Automatic External Defibrillator AED Quiz

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This is a fun and free general knowledge quiz on the operations of an automated external defibrillators.

Would you know how to use one if you needed to?

Do you need to a basic/general course on CPR & Defibrillators?

Contact us

Do Not Resuscitate tattoos – What would you do?

November 9, 2019 Uncategorized

Image: New England Journal of Medicine

I get this question a bit during my training courses and kept thinking while I would continue to resuscitate the patient, I really must look into this. No need to do that now after the great article below arrived in my inbox from the guru’s at Royal Lifesaving WA. So here is the answer to this often asked question.

What would you do if you came across an unconscious person needing CPR, but they had a tattoo that said, ‘DO NOT RESUSCITATE’? Would you ignore the tattoo and continue treatment of the casualty? Would there be any legal ramifications of ignoring the tattoo? How would you know if the tattoo genuinely represents the person’s wishes, or if it’s just a joke?

These were questions faced by a team of doctors in the US when a patient was brought into a hospital emergency department. They discovered the words ‘DO NOT RESUSCITATE’ clearly tattooed across his chest, with the ‘Not’ underlined and what they presumed was his signature tattooed underneath the statement.

Faced with the dilemma of not knowing whether the tattoo was sincere, the doctors initially decided to administer some treatment while consulting with their hospital ethics team. The ethics team reviewed the case and advised the doctors to honour the tattoo, because it was reasonable to infer that it expressed the man’s wishes.

The man later died without being resuscitated, and it was discovered that he had, in fact, completed a form expressing his wishes which were consistent with the tattoo. The case sparked international discussion around the validity of these tattoos and whether they are legally binding. 

So what would happen in Australia?

Hospitals in Australia typically don’t have an ethics team on call to review individual cases. Advance care planning does exist here; however, the laws differ between states and territories. Generally, treating doctors must be satisfied that the person was competent when they made the directive, that they understood the risks of refusing care and that it applies to the current situation – all virtually impossible for a first responder to determine when coming across an unconscious person in need of CPR.

While a Do Not Resuscitate tattoo could in fact represent a person’s wishes, without sighting documentation to verify this we cannot know for sure. Perhaps it was their wish at the time of getting the tattoo, but they have since changed their mind. Perhaps the tattoo was done in jest, or while under the influence. Additionally, the shorter version that simply states the initials ‘DNR’ presents even more ambiguity – it could stand for something else entirely. 

First responders in Australia are trained that consent is implied if a casualty is unconscious. We cannot assume to know what the person would want at the time of needing care. It is important to always follow your training and provide CPR if it is required.