What is included in a 3 hours CPR Certificate Course?

According to the American Heart Association, nearly 3,50,000 cardiac arrests occur outside of the hospital, and approximately 4,75,000 people have lost their lives from a cardiac arrest. 

When the cases occur outside of the hospital, and immediate help is needed, a person with CPR training can save lives. People in different professions like police officers, firefighters, swimming coaches, and trainers take CPR and first aid training courses. Many people voluntarily take these classes to understand what happens during a cardiac arrest and how they can help in the time of a medical emergency. 

What can you expect in a CPR class? 

A CPR training course can sound intimidating at first. People may wonder how much expertise does it require? How much time does training take? What are the things that they will learn? But it is not that complex. The training course for CPR mostly lasts for just 3 hours! 

Not everyone who signs up for a CPR training session receives the same training. The intensity of lessons depends on the individual’s requirements. Based on professionalism, these courses can be divided into three levels which are 

Adult CPR classes

These are the courses taught to get one ready for a critical situation at workplaces, homes, and other educational institutions. The skills taught here are of the very basic level and take about one to one and half hours to complete a course. Adults, teens, and adolescents are the people who opt for this. 

Pediatric CPR classes

As the name states, these classes are for people who work closely with or provide care to children under 8. Along with the CPR skills and techniques, much other necessary information about childcare is taught to people who teach or volunteer at schools, playgrounds, and daycare. 

Basic life support for healthcare providers 

These are the most professional training classes of the three required for professional rescuers. People who sign up for these classes learn to use AED, ventilation devices, two-person CPR methods, and rescue breathing techniques and their barriers. 

Not only this, but you can also choose from the online or offline mode of classes, whichever suits you, depending on the time and convenience. 

What happens in a CPR class?

Since the classes are mostly 3 hours long, it takes only a day or, in some cases, two days to complete the training course. 

Lectures 

The classes begin with lectures that talk about the basics of first aid training, which include treating injuries, assessing and handling the patient’s mental state, addressing environmental factors, and taking care of respiratory and cardiac emergencies. 

Besides first aid training,cardiopulmonary resuscitation training is given to the volunteers, including heart conditions. Some of the basic lessons are identifying the signs of heart attack, cardiac arrest, and stroke. 

Hands-on training

Once the theory part is completed, the coach moves on to hands-on training, which covers learning and applying techniques on dummies and role-playing. The practical aspects include:

Cleaning and dressing wounds

Using CPR and AED devices

Hands-only CPR

Performing abdominal thrusts

These activities are performed in both ways, individually and as a team. 

Certification

When the course is completed, the trainees get a certificate for the first aid training course but not before appearing for a test that includes written and practical assessments. If you fail in any of your lessons, the instructor asks you to review the same and give the test again, after which you’ll get a certificate. 

CPR training does not take much time and equips you with everything you need to save someone’s life. But before you decide to sign up for a course, think about your objectives, how much time you can give, where you can use the learned skills, and then decide on a course that suits you best. 

How to Perform CPR on a Drowning Victim

With all these instructions, we hope you’re now ready to provide CPR with HLTAID009 or HLTAID001. You should practice it as much as possible to be ready if the need arises. 

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a very effective technique that can save lives in an emergency. Although CPR is fairly easy, knowing the proper way to perform it will help you control panic. Understand and follow these simple steps inperforming CPReffectively and make any water body a safe place for everyone. 

Performing CPR serves two purposes: The compressions keep the brain cells from dying and help the heart send the oxygenated blood throughout the body. By performing CPR, you’re essentially doing the heart’s work of regulating a normal blood flow.

It takes time for it to be effective, and hence you should not stop even for a second while performing CPR

The first thing you need to do is to ask for additional help- ask the people around you for help, call an ambulance or make someone call the hospital if necessary. Keep someone with you for any additional help. In such critical conditions you should not hesitate to reach out to others. After all, it is a matter of life and death.

After rescuing them from drowning, the first thing you should do is to carefully lay them on a plane surface to ensure no additional injury to them while you provide CPR. Assess the situation and call or make someone call for help. 

Before giving CPR, tap on their shoulder a few times and ask them, “Are you ok?”. Shake them well and see if they’re conscious. It may save some time in case the condition is not severe. 

Check the victim’s breathing with their pulse to detect any blockage in the airway with the circulation.

Ease their airway by pressing the head area down and raising the chin up. It will help ensure a steady and continuous airflow.

You should administer the rescue breaths and start chest compressions rhythmically. Thirty chest compressions after two rescue breaths are considered as a standard. To administer the breaths, start with tilting their head towards the back, raising the chin and pinching the nose so that the air doesn’t escape through it. Administer two breaths via the mouth, place your mouth over the victim’s to make a seal and start blowing air in a way that elevates their chest up.

After finishing the breath transfer, quickly start chest compressions. It would be best to do chest compressions in sets of 30 at a time and at a rate of 100-120 per minute. Push 5-6 centimetres or 1-2 inches at a time. Pushing down at least an inch allows the heart to squeeze and pump the blood in and out. Pushing deep will ensure blood flow throughout the body and brain. Also, let the chest completely rise between the subsequent pushes. Keep a two breath administration difference between two sets. Ideally, you should keep a 10-second difference between chest compressions and breath transfer.

To perform chest compressions, place your one hand flat in the middle part of the victim’s chest and put your second hand on top of that. And start pressing at a speed at which the difference between two consecutive compressions is less than one second. Check-in between to see if they started to breathe. 

You may see some vomit coming from the victim’s mouth after some time. It is completely normal, and you should tilt their head sideways to ease out these food particles. And in case you feel something is stuck in their mouth, you should remove that from their mouth with your fingers and start the process over again. Continue the cycle unless the person starts breathing or until the arrival of emergency help.

If you have any spare clothing, cover them with it, and if they show signs of consciousness and start breathing, talk to them and ensure that medical help is on its way. 

With all these instructions, we hope you’re now ready to provide CPR with HLTAID009 or HLTAID001. You should practice it as much as possible to be ready if the need arises. 

How To Perform Adult CPR And Use an AED

With the increasing risk of heart diseases and respiratory illnesses in adults, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and awareness about automated external defibrillators (AED) have become crucial life-saving skills that every individual should be trained in.

Identify and seek emergency help

A person’s health can unceasingly worsen up when their heart stops beating. With those few minutes being extremely crucial, one should first contact the ambulance or emergency services as waiting for too long could lead to brain damage or even death. If alone, one must prioritize emergency help and then check if the person is:

  1. Unconscious and not breathing
  2. Having difficulty in breathing
  3. Suffering from a cardiac arrest (the person is unexpectedly snoring, grunting, or gasping breathing)
  4. Showing symptoms of drug overdose

If the above problems are identified, an AED should be made available first. CPR must be executed until the AED arrives. Before performing the CPR, the things mentioned below should be kept in mind. 

  1. Talk to the person to check if they are okay; if they do not respond, place your ear on their nose and mouth to hear and confirm their breathing pattern (difficulty in breathing, no breathing, gasping for air) before executing CPR.
  2. The person must be placed on their back on the ground or on any hard surface. 
  3. Gently tilt their head backward and open their chin. 
  4. Air inlets/outlets such as nose, throat, and mouth should be open; if any blockage of vomit, food, or object is present, clear it.

CPR should consist of chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth breaths. The frequency of chest compressions should be 100 per minute, and after every 30 chest compressions, give mouth-to-mouth twice. If mouth-to-mouth breaths can’t be performed, then frequency should be 120 per minute.

Steps to perform CPR on an adult

  1. Place the palm of your hand on top of the other hand, interlock the fingers with the top hand.
  2. Align your arm straight and place it on the lower middle of the chest, slightly below their nipples.
  3. With the heel of your hand, apply pressure about 2 inches deep with your body weight. Do not apply pressure with muscles entirely, as this could be exhausting.
  4. Release the pressure, and count this as one compression. 
  5. After 30 compressions, shut/close their nostril to blow two full breaths while sealing your mouth to their mouth and make sure there is no leakage of air. That results in the rising and falling of their chest, which is necessary. If that does not inflate their chest, repeat the 30 chest compressions.
  6. Continue repeatedly until the person starts breathing normally and move their body sideways (resting on either side). If they aren’t responding, continue the same until emergency help or an AED arrives.

CPR is executed to keep the oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs. A delay in starting CPR can cause severe brain damage and even death. An AED can keep the flow running by sending electric shocks targeting the heart to restore the normal rhythm.

Steps to use an AED

  1. Open the case and turn on AED.
  2. Uncover the person’s chest, dry it thoroughly.
  3. Peel off AED pads and ensure the wires are connected to the box.
  4. Apply one pad to the upper right chest and the other to the lower left chest below the armpit.
  5. Follow the instruction given by the AED; if it says “Check Electrodes,” then adjust the pad.
  6. If it says “Shock,” then press and hold that shock button until the AED delivers the shock while ensuring no one touches the person.
  7. Start the CPR for 2 minutes, starting with chest compressions.
  8. Repeat steps 1 to 7.

Conclusion :

The survival rate of a victim surviving after a CPR is about 40-50% when administered by a bystander; those rates can be increased when given by a trained individual. Effective training can make you a lifesaver. West Coast First Aid training provides a comprehensive course that can help you not feel helpless in grave situations.